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Introduction to Chile and the Photo voltaic Eclipse – Aventura Weblog

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Valparaiso, Photo voltaic Eclipse and the Penguins

Let me let you know in regards to the mega journey of about 6,000 euros for a month in South America, the journey the place I visited Buenos Aires in Argentina, Chile, noticed the photo voltaic eclipse in Chile, went to the desert, took evening pictures, I noticed petroglyphs within the desert but in addition Easter Island within the Pacific 3,500 km from the coast, I used to be within the salt desert of Bolivia with its cacti island, I noticed Machu Pichu, Nazca and the previous pyramids of Caral. Actually fascinated.

Many of the South American journey happened in Chile for a two-week interval, half of the journey. In Chile we additionally achieved our last goal, that of observing and photographing the Photo voltaic Eclipse 2019 and in addition in Chile we took probably the most evening pictures in fascinating, attention-grabbing, unusual locations such because the Hand of the Desert monument in Atacama or the formations of semi-precious stones from Loss of life Valley (or Mars Valley) and Moon Valley.

It began with cautious planning, and it was one of the memorable experiences I’ve had. I had the chance to find the tradition and historical past of those international locations. I discovered about indigenous cultures and noticed how buildings in historical cities have survived time. I went to Buenos Aires and loved the structure and way of life of the town. We visited museums and skilled the native delicacies. I crossed the entire of Chile and noticed how the panorama adjustments. I spent hours within the desert.

Introduction to Chile

Chile is probably the most developed nation in South America, with a inhabitants and GDP per capita, much like that of Romania (the second poorest nation within the EU). The state is positioned on the western coast of the southern hemisphere and has an elongated form from north to south. Being on the West coast, it has a big a part of the Andes Mountain vary, which additionally consists of the height of Aconcagua (this being the very best peak on the continent) and the territory between the mountains and the Pacific Ocean but in addition islands within the Pacific Ocean. By the way, the well-known Easter Island (to which I’ll dedicate a separate article on the weblog, sure, I received there too) is the territory of the state of Chile, though culturally and ethnographically it’s a lot totally different from the continent, being a part of Polynesia.

On June twenty eighth we left Buenos Aires at 8am (however wakened at 4:30am) and landed within the capital of Santiago de Chile round 09.

Our group took over the reserved automobiles, from right here beginning a protracted journey by automobile by means of the lengthy state. We had off-road autos tailored to our context. Chile being barely above Romania by way of financial system, it has a reasonably good highway infrastructure. The primary freeway runs North-South alongside the Ocean.

However for now, we took the automobiles and went to the resort positioned within the middle of the capital (Capital San Pablo 4* resort

I haven’t visited anything in Santiago de Chile aside from the Romanian Embassy. On the finish of the article, nevertheless, you’ll find an inventory of what’s price visiting. We haven’t visited anything since our group was invited to the Romanian Embassy in Chile and that was fairly an attention-grabbing spotlight.

I don’t all the time have the chance to go to embassies and speak face-to-face with ambassadors, though it has occurred to me earlier than. The go to was organized as a result of on the event of our group’s tour organized by the SARM astronomy membership from Targovishte, Alexandru Mironov, former minister and former science educator of Romania (the man who appeared earlier than Star Trek on TVR1) additionally traveled. Mironov was politically anchored and organized this curiosity.

He was speculated to go to the eclipse with Cătălin Beldea, novice astronomer, publicist, and eclipse hunter. However he went with us, in all probability as a result of he didn’t just like the route chosen by Beldea. Lastly.

Mrs. Ambassador Monica Mihaela Știrbu was very form and I spent a while on the embassy. Though within the Wallachian type nobody actually understood why we received there, why or what we are going to do extra exactly. The result’s that we visited nothing from Santiago, however we took footage within the embassy.

There have been a variety of fascinating discussions on the embassy, and I discovered a variety of new details about Chile. Nevertheless, I’ve included extra info on the finish of the article. I discovered that Chile has a big group of Romanians who appear to be in all places on the earth. Chile is an OECD member, I knew that. And it’s in regards to the stage of Romania economically, however that’s what I mentioned earlier than. That doesn’t imply it’s higher. It relies upon from which viewpoint you take a look at it. Sure, folks don’t have these unusual and hunched/aggressive appears in Romania, they’ve the Andes and Aconcagua and lots of km of ocean. Additionally they have Easter Island. However they’ve poor internet uncommon and costly, excessive dropout charge. Though Argentina is poorer, it might be probably the most educated on the continent.

This truth can one way or the other be seen within the structure of the capitals. Chile is the richest. It might be 4,800 km north to south. In winter Santiago turns into a pot of air pollution particularly in winter, that’s in August. That is what occurs to massive cities within the mountains, together with Brasov. They’ve the rule that we had in communism with even odd numbers. The Andes are virtually devoid of passing/passing colour. Chile applies protectionism with regard to vegetation, the nation being on this respect like an island surrounded by the Andes, the Atacama Desert, the glaciers of the South and the Pacific.

My idea is confirmed once more that states with a excessive diploma of isolation do nicely in right now’s world. Nearly all massive island states do higher. Relative to what’s round. They warmth with wooden; they don’t actually have centralized techniques. I get the electrical energy from Argentina and the fuel as nicely. They’re a part of the desertification phenomenon. There would even be many protests, many and sometimes, leading to vital destruction. You surprise how the hell Argentina is beneath them, contemplating all the things I mentioned about Argentina and Chile. Nevertheless, Chile invested and is investing in photo voltaic vitality, obtained by power some territories wealthy in mineral assets within the Nineteenth century and sure, the truth that it’s remoted and has little migration. There are numerous international locations in South America which might be very poor. And I visited two of them, Bolivia and Peru.

One other attention-grabbing piece of knowledge is that Romania would have acquired about 10,500 refugees from the dictatorship in Chile, in full communism.. :))) They might have stayed within the Camp Highway. There would nonetheless be many Romanian Jews in Chile. I knew that some Nazis hid in South America, however I hadn’t heard of Jews going there in massive numbers. Expat docs kind one of many latest diasporas. Among the many most profitable can be such a Romanian Jew, the second richest there. Direct financial exchanges between Romania and Chile should not massive, many Romanian merchandise arriving in Chile after processing or intermediation from different EU states, particularly from Spain. Though they’ve a lot Ocean, the fish for the plenty wouldn’t be that good, being from the breeders. The lamb can be good, they usually additionally boast wine from the San Pedro de Atacama area, subsequent to the desert, regular.

We then went to a meal given by a Romanian settled in Chile, a sort of nation occasion inside a standard area of a residential neighborhood. Once more, a random Wallachian factor however not essentially nasty. There was ingesting, consuming, and enjoying the guitar. The singing was offered by two senior members of our group, in all probability some sort of hippies of their youth. Very talkative, very joking, cool for his or her age.

Chile (temporary historical past)

The territory of Chile is found by Ferdinand Magellan in October 1520. It obtains independence on September 18, 1810. The primary Supreme Director of the brand new republic is Bernardo O’ Higgins, in 1817, after a interval of presidency by means of Authorities Assemblies (Juntas de Gobierno). Following the victories in opposition to Peru and Bolivia, within the Struggle of the Pacific (1879-1883), Chile obtained the Northern space – Antofagasta, wealthy in ore deposits, completely built-in by means of the peace of 1904.

In 1973, Common Augusto Pinochet Ugarte overthrew the socialist authorities of Salvador Allende in a coup, establishing a army authorities of the Republic. On the head of a army junta, he dissolves Congress, exiles leftist events, and eliminates all opposition. Within the 1989 elections, the army candidate, Herman Büchi, misplaced to the Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin, initiating the peaceable transition to democracy. From then till 2010, the Concertation of Events for Democracy, consisting of Christian Democrats and Socialists, the Occasion for Democracy (center-left) and the Radical Occasion (center-left), remained in energy. The Coalition for Change, a grouping of opposition events (center-right), took energy in 2010. Govt energy is exercised by the President of the Republic, who performs the features of head of state and authorities. He’s elected by direct vote, the time period of workplace being 4 years. Legislative energy is exercised by the Nationwide Congress, which is bicameral: the Chamber of Deputies (120 members) and the Senate (38 members). In December 2017, the presidential and legislative elections ended.

SANTIAGO de Chile (comes from St. James the Nice, the patron saint of Spain, he was the brother of St. John the Apostle, his relics have been within the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, he’s the daddy of the Spanish church) The capital of the state of Chile is the biggest metropolis in Chile with a inhabitants of over 7 million inhabitants, with a density of roughly 9,000 folks/km2, many of the metropolis is positioned at an altitude between 500 and 650m above sea stage, close to the Andes mountains and about 100 km in a straight line from Aconcagua (6962 m altitude), the very best peak in each Americas, but in addition within the southern hemisphere, positioned in Argentina.

Based on February 12, 1541, by the Spanish Conquistador Pedro de Valdivia as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo, it has been the capital of Chile for the reason that colonial interval. Though it’s the state capital, Congress (legislative energy) meets in Valparaiso. Town will host the Pan American Olympic Video games in 2023.

Santiago de Chile can’t evaluate to Buenos Aires by way of metropolis or bohemian character, however it’s a developed, clear and interesting metropolis.

In Santiago de Chile we visited the next:

  • Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago. Development of the present cathedral started in 1748 and was accomplished in 1800. The previous cathedral, inbuilt 1561, was destroyed by an earthquake. It’s positioned in Plaza de Armas.
  • Iglesia de San Francisco. It’s a Franciscan church positioned on Avenida Libertador Common Bernardo O’Higgins. It was inbuilt 1622 and is the oldest colonial constructing within the nation. The tower was repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and final rebuilt in 1850 in Victorian type. A part of the monastery homes the Museo Colonial.
  • Iglesia de Santo Domingo. It’s positioned on the intersection of Santo Domingo and 21 de Mayo streets. The church was destroyed by earthquakes in 1595, 1647 and 1730. The present constructing was constructed between 1747 and 1796.
  • Casa Colorada. It’s a colonial home, inbuilt 1769. It homes 5 of the Museo de Santiago rooms.
  • Nationwide Museum of Pure Historical past. It’s positioned within the Quinta Regular Park. It was based on mollusks, Mesozoic, archaeology, cultural anthropology, in 4 departments: botany, zoology, anthropology and paleontology. The Division of Botany has 3,700 species.
  • Nationwide Museum of Nice Arts. It is likely one of the main facilities of South American artwork. The establishment was based in 1880 and the constructing, Palacio de Bellas Artes, dates from 1910.
  • Museo Histórico Nacional. It’s housed within the Palacio de la Actual Aduana de Santiago, a constructing constructed between 1804 and 1807, within the Plaza de Armas. The establishment was based in 1911 and has over 12,000 reveals.
  • Chilean Museum of Pre-Columbian Arts. It’s devoted to pre-Columbian artwork and holds artifacts from Central and South America. It’s hosted by the Palacio de la Actual Aduana. Its collections cowl a interval of 10,000 years.
  • Palacio de La Moneda. So named from the occasions when cash was stored there. It’s the seat of the president of the republic and three ministerial cupboards. Development started in 1845 within the neoclassical type. Bombed in 1973, it was rebuilt till 1980.
  • Municipal Theatre. It was inaugurated on September 17, 1857, and declared a nationwide monument in 1974. It’s positioned in Augustinas 794.
  • Estación Central or Estación Alameda, positioned on Avenida Bernardo O’Higgins 3170. In-built 1885, rebuilt in 1897 based on Gustave Eiffel’s plans. It was declared a nationwide monument in 1983.
  • Nationwide Library of Chile. Situated on Avenida Libertador Common Bernardo O’Higgins, it is likely one of the largest in Latin America. The constructing was accomplished in 1925.
  • Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago. The establishment was based on November 27, 1893, and the constructing was accomplished in 1917. It’s positioned on Bandera Road.
  • Plaza de Armas. It’s the coronary heart and soul of the town. Across the sq. are some historic buildings, the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Publish Workplace, the Palacio de la Actual Audiencia de Santiago.
  • Parque O’Higgins. It was inaugurated in January 1873. It’s the second largest park, with 770,000 sq. meters. Right here is an amusement park within the northwest half, a theater, a personal college, a public swimming pool and a synthetic lake. It’s positioned within the metropolis middle.
  • Cerro San Cristóbal. It’s a hill within the north-central space of the town. Right here is the Mills Observatory, a sanctuary devoted to the Immaculate Conception with a quite imposing statue of the Virgin Mary, the zoo, a Japanese-style backyard and the biggest public park, Parque Metropolitano. You may as well attain the highest by gondola.
  • Cerro Santa Lucia, proper within the middle of the town, is a park with a Japanese backyard. One can climb this hill for an attention-grabbing view of the town middle to see that blend of recent buildings and colonial buildings.
  • Concha y Toro vineyard.
  • It’s price climbing the Sky Costanera (300 m) ) open from 01 to 22 (prices approx. 20 euros. The Costanera is positioned in an space referred to as Sanhattan, which implies a type of the Manhattan of Santiago, with different glass buildings and an enormous mall.
  • Parque Forestal. An city park created in 1905 on land taken from the Mapocho River, west of Plaza Baquedano and east of Estación Mapocho. Right here is the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, which is in the identical constructing because the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo. The characteristic of the park is given by three rows of aircraft bushes.
  • From Santiago you’ll be able to make a journey to the Maipo Canyon. Admire the gorgeous great thing about the Maipo Canyon (Cajón del Maipo). On the volcano of San José de Maipo you’ll be able to take a 2-hour hike, about 4 kilometers, to a viewpoint the place you’ll be able to see one of the energetic volcanoes within the metropolitan area. In the identical space are the new springs of Banos Colina, positioned about 100 kilometers from Santiago, at an altitude of two,500 meters above sea stage. There are pure swimming pools there with temperatures of fifty ° C, from the place you might have a view of the Andes mountains.

About Meals:

  • Locations to eat in Santiago at Mercado Central, Vega Central.
  • Good espresso may be had in Inexperienced Espresso Roasters, additionally right here they serve a chocolate soufflé with ice cream.
  • A good lunch (almuerzo) is someplace between 6-8 {dollars}. Every menu begins with an appetizer referred to as Pebre, a spicy sauce with tomatoes and scorching peppers. Dinner is round 12-15 {dollars}. Chileans love barbecues, however salads should not very fashionable.
  • Mote con huesillos is a refreshing pure drink made out of wheat, peaches and water with honey.
  • Pisco Bitter is a sort of brandy with lemon juice, egg white and cinnamon.
  • The primary dish is avocado with hen, tuna or shrimp salad.
  • Ceviche is a uncooked fish salad marinated in lemon juice and served with ginger, onions and peppers.
  • Pastel de choclo is a pie with layers of corn, meat and cheese.
  • Asado are steaks (particularly beef) on the grill.
  • A lo pobre (poor man’s steak) is a steak with fried potatoes, poached eggs and fried onions.
  • Cazuela is a sort of beef soup with corn, potatoes, pumpkin and carrot.
  • Empanadas (originating from the Argentines) are pies with meat, cheese, greens, fish, ham or cheese.
  • The Terremoto is their conventional cocktail and accommodates white grape should, pineapple ice cream and bitter liqueur.
  • Chorillana is a big mattress of fried potatoes combined with pan-seared onion strips, thinly sliced beef and eggs on high.


June 29 – Saturday

Wine in Chile

After the atypical and attention-grabbing Romanian episode with the embassy, on Saturday June 29, we left by automobile for Valparaiso, 130 km from Santiago. We went on one of many “wine routes” in Chile, the Casablanca valley. Chile is the fifth wine exporter on the earth.

On the best way we stopped on the vineyard beneath within the footage, Valparaiso Indomita Vinery. The vineyard makes about 10 million liters of wine per 12 months. Little in comparison with Cricova, however they’re very happy with what they’ve there. Nevertheless, they’ve very trendy expertise, though in all places smells like grandma’s cellar in Dragășani.

They’ve 5k liter barrels and harvest the wine in March, on the finish of summer season. I make dry wine and poo. The winery is correct within the Casablanca Valley I used to be speaking about earlier and has 244h. Apparently, 85% of the winery and vineyard are owned by a Chinese language firm. Talking of China’s coverage of grabbing as a lot property and enterprise as doable in South America and Africa.

At 17-20 years they might change the vine roots as a result of the realm can be moist.

Their high quality wine known as Sardos and is pure Cabernet Sauvignon. Additionally they have Carignan dry pink wine with fizz. 2013 and 2016 can be excellent.

On the best way to Valparaiso you can too go to:

  • Pomaire: Chili, Chicha and “dulces de Curacavi” are a part of the standard gastronomy that guests can get pleasure from right here. Pomaire is likely one of the most vital facilities of handmade crafts. The vineyards, contemporary air and exquisite water of Laguna Aculeo are different points of interest of the area.
  • Attilo & Mochi vineyard to/
  • Route F-90 Casablanca
  • Matetic Vineyard
  • Fundo el Rosario, Casablanca

After the Indomita vineyard we visited Valparaiso, a metropolis not solely with a fantastic title and 7 universities but in addition with an attention-grabbing historical past, a former vital stopping level for ships going to the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego earlier than the development of the Panama Canal. Valparaiso was identified to sailors as “Little San Francisco”. Town was included within the UNESCO heritage checklist in 2003.

I visited Pablo Neruda’s home in Valparaiso (La Sebastiana) (Ferrari 692, Valparaíso, entrance $12, open from 10am to 6pm besides Mondays) or Casa Isla Negra Poeta Neruda.

In Valparaiso we additionally visited Plazuela Descanso, from right here we go to Cerros Alegre and Cerre Conception hills with the funicular.

We additionally went with the funicular. I additionally visited a home, constructed by Sanelli in 1916, the home of Serbian Pascal Baburitza.

Valaparaiso is a port city surrounded by hills (cerros) with colourful homes that you just climb up and down rainbow-colored stairs with Nineteenth-century wrought iron elevators and funiculars. The realm, like all of South America, is filled with graffiti. On the similar time, there are native designer outlets, artwork galleries, eating places and cafes, hostels and craft breweries, Victorian homes, Gothic mansions and road artwork that give off a bohemian air. Salvador Allende, Augusto Pinochet, Camilo Mori have been additionally born right here, Pablo Neruda, Rubén Darío lived right here.

The bay was populated by the Pichunches Indians who have been engaged in agriculture. The primary Europeans arrived right here in 1536, aboard the ship Santiaguillo, below the command of Juan de Saavedra, who named the city after his native village in Spain, Valparaíso de Arriba.

All through the colonial interval, Valparaíso remained a small village with only some homes and a church.

After independence in 1818, Valparaíso turned the principle port of Chilean ships and a port of name for ships that circled South America by means of the Strait of Magellan and the Cape Horn.

It receives immigrants from European international locations, particularly from Nice Britain, Germany, and Italy, who rework the native tradition with Spanish and Amerindian origins. 

Town turned the guts of the nation’s financial system. Because of the lack of area, it begins to increase on the hard-to-reach hills and within the swampy space.

However its heyday involves an finish after the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914.

Town has been by means of many earthquakes. By the way, in the course of the evening in Valparaiso I really felt a small earthquake on my pores and skin.

Câteva poze luate de Valentin Grigore:

Valparaiso, like most of South America, is filled with graffiti on a totally totally different stage than I’ve seen in Europe or anyplace else on the earth. Graffiti in all places and each can very nicely go as a murals. Unbelievable mixture of poverty and expertise on the subject of graffiti.


June 30 – Sunday

On Sunday, June 30, we left for La Serena, the placement from the place we might observe the photo voltaic eclipse, positioned 450 km to the north.

On the best way to La Serena is the Sand Dune – a nationwide reserve space coated with sand dunes which have shaped. Some surf on these dunes, though it isn’t the one place to take action. Additionally on the best way is the city of Ovalle, which is the capital of Limari province, also called the land of papaya and cherimoya as a consequence of its gentle local weather. Within the space roughly 50 km away is Pichasca Nationwide Park, with dinosaur fossils. Additionally on the best way, in Coquimbo, a legend says that Francis Drake buried a treasure.

We didn’t discover any treasure, however we got here throughout some very cute and opportunistic coyote or fox cubs.

We stopped to take footage in fact.

Within the night we arrived in La Serena. Close to the resort is Plazza La Recova, the place you’ll find stone handicrafts, pre-Columbian ceramic works, impressed by the Diaguita tradition (ceramics with zoomorphic and geometric decorations, much like our Cucuteni tradition), flowerpots, treasured stone jewellery made with lapis lazuli, alpaca wool objects, huayacan wooden, books, musical devices and all the things you’ll be able to think about.

The home made pastries additionally stand out, particularly the sugar-coated papaya.

Locals additionally supply fruits in syrup, manjar blanco (milk jam) with nuts and goat cheese.

In Serena, the temperature is already altering, in the direction of colder. I met the home cat, white, majestic and with eyes of various colours.


01 July – Monday

After arriving by automobile within the space and settling in, we divided into groups to establish a great place to watch the eclipse the subsequent day.

Within the space you can too go to the Enchanted Valley (121 km from La Serena) (Valle del Encanto) the place traces of the pre-Columbian Molle civilization have been found. You may as well bathe within the thermal springs at Socos.

Humboldt Penguins that aren’t there

One other attraction within the space, one which we additionally totally loved and may advocate with full confidence, is the Humboldt Penguin Reserve at Damas Island (114 km from La Serena).

We ate some glorious seafood right here earlier than taking the boat to Punto Chorro. Ponti Chorro appears like Previous Customs from the 90s.

On the sightseeing boat journey, we noticed all types of herons and pelicans whose actual title escapes me, just a few dolphins, a bunch of seal households basking on the rocks away from the uneven waters. I noticed a humorous episode the place a child seal struggled to climb as much as the adults. I didn’t actually see Coquimbo Humboldt penguins, solely two specimens.

These penguins come right here from Antarctica, being the extremity of their vary, the migration mechanism being linked to the coastal currents of the Pacific Ocean.

An attention-grabbing factor however which I didn’t have time to attempt is that within the space, you’ll be able to have lunch in one of many “photo voltaic” eating places, the place all the things is cooked within the daylight of Villaseca.

What else I seen in Chile, however not solely, but in addition within the different states on this journey, that they had a variety of stray canines, like Romania within the 90s-2000s, possibly much more. However none of them have been aggressive.

Though they have been very massive, they have been very light, some playful and the locals took care of them as a result of I usually noticed stray canines with blankets or canine bowls on the road. And the animals have been very grateful and mild.

On a seashore close to La Serena, we performed with some stray canines as in the event that they have been pet canines for rent. You’ll be able to virtually contemplate all stray canines to be everybody’s pets.

A totally totally different method than we noticed in Romania from each species, people and canines.


02 July – Tuesday

On July 2, we drove to the Whole Photo voltaic Eclipse statement level. I discovered the statement and picture spot, someplace close to the city of Vicunia, 7 kilometers away from the town, on a plateau excessive on the mountain. Vicunia had a big signal put in on the entrance/exit that signaled or promoted the eclipse. I took footage there too.

The coordinates of the statement website have been 30°05’18.2″S 70°43’19.5″W,-70.722079

Aside from the Eclipse picture session I additionally did night/evening images within the space. The cacti there have been monumental. I found, amongst different issues, that the spines of those cacti are of a really onerous wooden, simply good for artisanal descaling.

Town was crowded on the event of the eclipse, so we averted the anthill within the metropolis and located this place, perfect for observing the eclipse.

Chile was already one of many scorching spots on the earth of world astronomy because of the presence of a few of the finest performing telescopes on the earth. Furthermore, the panorama of the Atacama Desert presents statement and images alternatives to amateurs as nicely, and with the eclipse all this curiosity turned even higher, particularly from amateurs and particularly eclipse hunters, together with Romanian novice astronomers.

Valentin Grigore’s pictures:

The astronomical phenomenon started at 13:01 native time (17:01 GMT) within the Pacific Ocean, and the band of totality, greater than 150 kilometers large, reached the Chilean coast at 16:38 (20:38 GMT), going to cross southern Argentina.

The shadow of the Moon, which intervenes between the Solar and the Earth, thus generated two minutes of complete darkness in broad daylight, and the temperature dropped by three to 4 levels Celsius.

My Eclipse pictures:

Chile is residence to many of the world’s astronomical statement techniques. Thus, on the event of the photo voltaic eclipse, together with the greater than 30,000 vacationers, scientists, eclipse hunters, astronomy fans or simply the curious got here to Chile. The north of the nation skilled clear sky circumstances.


03 July – Wednesday

On Wednesday we headed again to Santiago and as anticipated, caught some visitors on the freeway that cuts by means of the nation north-south. The way in which again was about 480 km, and we did 8 hours on the highway. I used to be pondering how Chile, a state similar to Romania by way of financial system, though it’s the most developed in South America, nonetheless has just a few additional issues but in addition just a few issues behind. In order a element, there have been 5 crossings on your complete freeway, by the best way the one one within the lengthy and slim state, not one of the crossings had an advance fee system by way of SMS or app or something.

It was loads however a few of the group even made an prolonged journey as a result of somebody within the group forgot an vital key someplace. Nevertheless, I didn’t see any dickheads giving flashes on the freeway, like in Romania, or in Israel for that matter.